Crime Vocabulary: Meaning, Synonyms and Examples

  1. Crime

    • Meaning: An act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law.
    • Synonyms: Offense, wrongdoing, illegal act.
    • Example: Robbery is considered a serious crime and is punishable by law.
  2. Criminal

    • Meaning: A person who has committed a crime or has been proven guilty of criminal conduct.
    • Synonyms: Offender, lawbreaker, perpetrator.
    • Example: The criminal was apprehended and taken into custody by the police.
  3. Felony

    • Meaning: A serious crime, typically punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or by death.
    • Synonyms: Serious offense, major crime.
    • Example: Murder and armed robbery are examples of felonies.
  4. Misdemeanor

    • Meaning: A less serious offense, typically punishable by a fine or imprisonment for less than one year.
    • Synonyms: Minor crime, petty offense.
    • Example: Shoplifting is often classified as a misdemeanor.
  5. Justice

    • Meaning: Fair and impartial treatment in accordance with the law; the quality of being just.
    • Synonyms: Fairness, equity, righteousness.
    • Example: The legal system aims to ensure justice for all citizens.
  6. Punishment

    • Meaning: The penalty imposed on someone for committing a crime or offense.
    • Synonyms: Penalty, consequence, retribution.
    • Example: Imprisonment and fines are common forms of punishment for criminal acts.
  7. Guilty

    • Meaning: Having committed a crime or offense; responsible for wrongdoing.
    • Synonyms: Culprit, blameworthy, at fault.
    • Example: The defendant was found guilty of fraud and sentenced accordingly.
  8. Innocent

    • Meaning: Not guilty of a crime; lacking culpability or wrongdoing.
    • Synonyms: Blameless, faultless, uninvolved.
    • Example: The evidence presented in court proved the defendant to be innocent.
  9. Evidence

    • Meaning: Information or facts presented in support of an assertion or to prove a point, especially in a legal context.
    • Synonyms: Proof, testimony, documentation.
    • Example: The DNA evidence was crucial in solving the murder case.
  10. Witness

    • Meaning: A person who sees an event, typically a crime or accident, take place and can provide firsthand information about it.
    • Synonyms: Observer, bystander, onlooker.
    • Example: The witness testified in court about what they saw during the incident.
  11. Trial

    • Meaning: A formal examination of evidence before a judge or jury to determine the guilt or innocence of a person accused of a crime.
    • Synonyms: Legal proceedings, court case, hearing.
    • Example: The high-profile trial lasted several weeks before reaching a verdict.
  12. Judge

    • Meaning: An official in a court of law who presides over hearings, makes legal decisions, and imposes sentences.
    • Synonyms: Magistrate, justice, adjudicator.
    • Example: The judge carefully considered the evidence before delivering the verdict.
  13. Prosecution

    • Meaning: The legal process of charging and trying someone for a crime; the party responsible for bringing criminal charges.
    • Synonyms: Legal action, indictment.
    • Example: The prosecution presented a strong case against the accused.
  14. Defense

    • Meaning: The party responsible for presenting evidence and arguments on behalf of a person accused of a crime.
    • Synonyms: Legal representation, advocacy.
    • Example: The defense attorney argued for the innocence of their client.
  15. Penalty

    • Meaning: A punishment imposed for breaking a law or rule.
    • Synonyms: Sanction, consequence, punishment.
    • Example: The penalty for speeding includes fines and, in some cases, license suspension.

These crime and punishment-related words should help you discuss legal matters, court proceedings, and the concepts of justice and accountability.

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