Science and the public - IELTS Speaking Part 3 Questions with Answers

Discussion Topic: Science and the public

1. How interested are most people in your country in science?

In my country, India, there is a significant interest in science among the general public. Science plays a crucial role in various aspects of Indian society, including education, research, and technological advancements.

The level of interest in science varies among individuals, but overall, there is a growing curiosity and enthusiasm for scientific knowledge and discoveries. This can be seen through the increasing number of science-related events, exhibitions, and workshops that are organized across the country.

Moreover, India has a rich history of scientific achievements and contributions. From ancient mathematicians like Aryabhata to modern-day scientists like C.V. Raman and APJ Abdul Kalam, India has produced renowned figures who have made significant contributions to various scientific fields.

2. Why do you think children today might be better at science than their parents?

Yes, I believe children today have the potential to be better at science than their parents due to several factors. Firstly, science education has evolved over the years with a greater emphasis on hands-on learning and critical thinking skills. This approach allows children to actively engage with scientific concepts and develop a deeper understanding of how things work.

Secondly, the rapid advancement of technology has provided children with unparalleled access to information. With just a few clicks, they can access scientific articles, videos, and interactive simulations that enhance their understanding of complex topics. This easy accessibility broadens their knowledge base and encourages independent exploration.

3. How do you suggest the public can learn more about scientific developments?

To stay informed about scientific developments, the public can adopt several strategies. Firstly, individuals can actively seek out reliable sources of information, such as reputable scientific journals, science news websites, and educational platforms. These sources often provide accessible explanations of complex scientific concepts and breakthroughs.

Additionally, attending public lectures, seminars, and workshops organized by universities or research institutions can be an effective way to learn more about scientific advancements. These events often feature experts who present their research findings in a manner that is understandable to non-specialists.

 

Discussion Topic: Scientific discoveries

4. What do you think are the most important scientific discoveries in the last 100 years?

Over the past century, numerous scientific discoveries have significantly shaped our world and transformed the way we live. When considering the most important scientific discoveries in the last 100 years, several key advancements come to mind, including those related to computers, the internet, and smartphones.

The invention of computers revolutionized society by enabling complex calculations and data processing at a previously unimaginable speed. This breakthrough has paved the way for countless technological advancements across various industries. From scientific research to business operations, computers have become an integral part of our lives.

The advent of the internet has undoubtedly been one of the most transformative discoveries in recent history. It has connected people from all corners of the globe and facilitated seamless communication and access to information. The internet has revolutionized industries such as education, commerce, entertainment, and communication.

Smartphones have emerged as a game-changer in terms of personal computing and connectivity. These handheld devices combine computer-like capabilities with mobile communication technology, allowing individuals to access information on-the-go and stay connected with others through various applications.

5. Do you agree or disagree that there are no more major scientific discoveries left to make?

While it is a common belief that there are no more major scientific discoveries left to make, I disagree with this notion. The field of science is vast and ever-evolving, with new advancements and breakthroughs being made every day. There are still numerous unexplored areas and unanswered questions that scientists are actively working on.

One of the reasons why I believe there are still major scientific discoveries to be made is the constant expansion of knowledge and technology. As our understanding of the universe deepens, we uncover new complexities and possibilities that were previously unknown. This opens up avenues for ground breaking discoveries in various fields such as physics, biology, medicine, and more.

Moreover, as technology continues to advance at an exponential rate, it provides scientists with powerful tools to explore uncharted territories. Innovations in fields like artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, and space exploration offer immense potential for ground breaking discoveries that could revolutionize our understanding of the world.

6. Who should pay for scientific research – governments or private companies?

There are differing opinions on this matter, but in my view, the responsibility lies with the government rather than private companies.

One of the main reasons for this is the enormous amount of funding required for scientific research. Scientific discoveries often involve extensive experimentation, data collection, and analysis, which can be costly endeavors. Governments typically have access to larger budgets and resources compared to private companies, making them better equipped to cover these expenses.

Furthermore, commercial viability or immediate profitability are not always the driving forces behind scientific research. Many breakthroughs in science and technology have been made through long-term investments in basic research that may not yield immediate returns. Private companies are generally more focused on short-term profits and may be less inclined to invest in speculative or uncertain projects.