Past Perfect Tense: Lesson and Practice Questions

Past Perfect Tense: Usage, Structure and Examples

  • Usage:

    • Used for an action completed before another action in the past.
  • Structure:

    • Affirmative: Subject + had + past participle (e.g., She had already finished).
    • Negative: Subject + had + not + past participle (e.g., We hadn’t met before).
    • Interrogative: Had + subject + past participle? (e.g., Had they arrived?).
  • Examples:

    • She had studied French before she moved to Paris.
    • We hadn’t seen that movie.
    • Had he left when you arrived?

Past Perfect Tense: Practice Questions


  1. She ____________ (complete) her assignment before the deadline.

    a. completed
    b. had completed
    c. completes

  2. They ____________ (visit) the museum after they had studied ancient history.

    a. visits
    b. visited
    c. had visited

  3. He ____________ (fix) the car by the time I arrived.

    a. fixes
    b. had fixed
    c. fixed

  4. We ____________ (read) the book before the movie was released.

    a. read
    b. had read
    c. reads

  5. I ____________ (eat) dinner before I went to the party.

    a. ate
    b. had eaten
    c. eats

Answers: (Affirmative)

1. B, 2. C, 3. B, 4. B, 5. B


  1. She ____________ (not/finish) her homework before the teacher collected it.


    a. not finished
    b. did not finish
    c. had not finished

  2. They ____________ (not/visit) that country before last summer.


    a. did not visit
    b. not visited
    c. had not visited

  3. He ____________ (not/repair) the computer before it crashed.


    a. did not repair
    b. had not repaired
    c. not repairing

  4. We ____________ (not/read) the novel before the movie adaptation came out.


    a. had not read
    b. not read
    c. did not read

  5. I ____________ (not/eat) breakfast before I left for work.


    a. had not eat
    b. not eating
    c. did not eaten

Answers: (Negative)

1. C, 2. C, 3. B, 4. A, 5. A


  1. __________ she ____________ (visit) the historical sites before joining the tour?

    a. Did / visit
    b. Does / visit
    c. Had / visited

  2. __________ they ____________ (complete) the project by the time you checked?

    a. Did / complete
    b. Had / completed
    c. Are / completing

  3. What ____________ you ____________ (do) before the power outage occurred?

    a. Did / do
    b. Do / do
    c. Had / done

  4. __________ he ____________ (not/finish) the assignment before the deadline?

    a. Did / not finish
    b. Had / not finished
    c. Does / not finish

  5. __________ we ____________ (read) the book before the movie adaptation was released?

    a. Did / read
    b. Had / read
    c. Are / reading

Answers: (Interrogative)

1. C, 2. B, 3. C, 4. B, 5. B

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